A. Filippone (1994-2005). All Rights Reserved.
The starting point is an analogy with the thermodynamics of equilibrium. Condensed
matter consists of a very large number of molecules, whose energy is described by the
Boltzmann probability distribution: P(E) = exp(-E/kT), where
E is the energy of the configuration, T the temperature and k
the Boltzmann constant (Kirkpatrick-Gelatt-Vecchi, 1983).
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