There are only a few books on analytical methods for aerodynamic design. In the
interim, many collections of technical papers have been published. For specific
papers, please inquire.
- Miele A (editor). Theory of Optimum Aerodynamic Shapes, Academic
Review: This is a book with theoretical contributions from several
specialists, and is concerned with minimum problems at supersonic and
hypersonic speeds, including free molecular flows. Some useful topics are:
bodies of revolution with minimum pressure drag, 2D/3D wings with minimum
pressure drag, slender and non slender bodies of
minimum total drag, optimum rocket nozzles. Interesting.
- Eppler R., Airfoil Design and Data, Springer Verlag, 1990.
Review: Prof. Eppler discusses the theoretical bases of his
successful design method. There is some boundary layer theory, bubble warning and
inverse design program. Large airfoil data base (coordinates, CD, CL),
including airfoils for general aviation, helicopter
rotors, propellers, high lift, etc, with basic design considerations and
parametric constraints. An important reference book.
- Special Course on Inverse Methods for Inverse Airfoil
Design for Aeronautical and Turbomachinery Applications, AGARD Report 780, 1990.
- Optimum Design Methods for Aerodynamics, AGARD R-803, November 1994.
Review: Lecture notes from the VKI, comprehensive overview of analytical
design methods for 2D and 3D problems, from airfoil design to the full aicraft
shape optimization. Both low and high speed flows.
- Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 35, No. 1, January 1999-2002
(monographic issue on aerodynamic design).
Review: Current trends in computational aerodynamic design.
- AGARD, Turbomachinery Design Using CFD, AGARD LS-195, May 1994.
Review: Application of CFD for analysis and design of turbomachinery
in industry. State-of-the-art, anno 1994. Start from here to check
methods for preliminary design/sizing and detailed CFD investigation.
- Elizarov AM, Il’inskij NB, Potashev AV. Mathematical Methods of Airfoil
Design, Akademie Verlag, Berlin, 1997 (ISBN 3-05-501701-3).
Review: It is a summary of inverse boundary-value problems in aerodynamic
design (as the subtitle implies) with some selected cases such as: single airfoil
in incompressible flow; viscosity and compressibility, design for a range of
angles of attacks, airfoils with suction/blowing, cascades and more.
This is very mathematical book aimed at specialists in the field. Excellent.
Aircraft design is technology related to aerodynamics only to some extent. Here are
a few books.
- Stinton D. Anatomy of the Aeroplane, Foulis and Co., London, 1966.
(also available in 2nd edition from AIAA)
Review: This is a book of general interest, to explore ideas, as the
author says. There is no mathematics, and is well written. Very entairtaining
reading. Later edition contains discussion of Ekranoplanes, seaplanes and
flying boats. MUST HAVE.
- Davies DP. Handling the Big Jets, Civil Aviation Authority, London, 1973.
Review: The book focuses on first order differences in size and weight,
discusses the flight handling qualities, speed, altitude, take-off, with
simple charts. The very big jets (Boeing 747) qualify for a detailed discussion.
Useful with some performance data (B-707, Vickers VC-10, etc.)
- Küchemann D. The Aerodynamic Design of the Aircraft, Pergamon
Review: Published posthoumous, yet a landmark of clarity and generality. For
this reason it is also confined to mostly theoretical issues. I like particularly
the reasoning for flying hypersonic, and the chapter on hypersonic waveriders
- Stinton D. The Design of the Aeroplane, BSP Professional Books, 1983.
Review: It seems an unfinished book, some parts are written by hand,
and so are the sketches. The book is geared toward small airplanes and
includes a fair number of project examples.
- Torenbeek E. Synthesis of Subsonic Airplane Design, Kluwer Academic
Review: An important book that covers all the essential aspects of the
preliminary design of aircraft (configuration, fuselage, tail, engine installation,
performance, etc). I regret that the formatting of the book did
not go further than plain typing.
- Loftin LK. Quest for Performance: The Evolution of Modern Aircraft, NASA SP-367,
Review: This is a history of aircraft evolution from the point of view of
the engineer, and is well referenced. It goes from the design explorations of the
1910s to the design trends of the modern days. The report contains lots of useful
design data (including drag, wind characteristics. etc).
- Nickel K, Wohlfahrt M. Tailless Aircraft in Theory and Practice,
Edward Arnold, London 1994 (also available from AIAA).
Review: This is an original book with discussion of flying wings, sailplanes,
gliders and real life tailless aircraft. Of interest: lateral, longitudinal and
directional stability, stability and control, detailed discussion of swept back
wings, wing flutter and ground effects.
- Stinton D. Flying Qualities and Flight Testing, Blackwell Science, 1996.
Review: Useful information for the design engineer with the pilot in mind.
There is a large number of case design studies, plenty of photos and graphics.
This is an extensive text.
(see also Flight Dynamics)
- Raymer DP. Aircraft Design: A Conceptual Approach, AIAA, Washington DC, 1999
Review: This is the design book that most people study these days. It is a source
of information and data on several aircraft types, it contains chapters devoted
entirely to aerodynamics, and treats pragmatically the problem of preliminary
sizing and design. Compared to other design books, there is a lot more.
- Anderson JD. Aircraft Perfomance and Design, McGraw-Hill, 1998.
Review: This book is a mix of aerodynamics and aircraft design, two volumes
bound into one, I might say. Limiting the discussion to the aircraft design, it
is very general, but it reports an intersting chapter on the evolution of the aircraft
and some detailed case studies, including the Douglas DC-3, Boeing 707 and 727
the MD F-16, the Lockheed SR-71, and more.
- Fielding J. Introduction to Aircraft Design, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999.
Review: I am not impressed by this book.
- Jenkinson LR, Simpson P, Rhodes D. Civil Jet Aircraft Design,
Arnold Publ, 1999 (also available from AIAA).
Review: It is limited to regional jets for civil transports.
This book points to an extensive database, like no one else. Interesting
data on over 70 jet aircraft, 40 turbofan engines, and hundreds of airports.
- Howe D. Aircraft Conceptual Design Synthesis, Prof. Engineering Ltd,
Review: This book contains a general introduction on aircraft configuration,
with examples from all types, and several addenda with aircraft syntesis and other
problems. Poor on aerodynamics and hard data, and with some extra simplifications.
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